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Maroko - zabytki Listy Światowego Dziedzictwa UNESCO

Maroko - podróże do MarokaMaroko - mapa krajuMaroko - spis artykułów i galeriiMaroko - wiza, ambasady, przepisy wjazdowe, informacje dla kierowców, podróżowanie po kraju, przepisy celne, bezpieczeństwo, przydatne informacjeMaroko - aktualna pogoda, roczny opad i temperaturaMaroko - szczepienia, zdrowie, poradyMaroko - kurs waluty, przelicznik na PLN, USD, EUROMaroko - co zwiedzić, zabytki Listy Światowego Dziedzictwa UNESCOMaroko - przewodniki, mapy, atlasy
Historic City of Meknes  
Founded in the 11th century by the Almoravids as a military settlement, Meknes became a capital under Sultan Moulay Ismail (1672–1727), the founder of the Alawite dynasty. The sultan turned it into a impressive city in Spanish-Moorish style, surrounded by high walls with great doors, where the harmonious blending of the Islamic and European styles of the 17th-century Maghreb are still evident today.
Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou  
The ksar, a group of earthen buildings surrounded by high walls, is a traditional pre-Saharan habitat. The houses crowd together within the defensive walls, which are reinforced by corner towers. Ait-Ben-Haddou, in Ouarzazate province, is a striking example of the architecture of southern Morocco.
Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)  
Essaouira is an exceptional example of a late-18th-century fortified town, built according to the principles of contemporary European military architecture in a North African context. Since its foundation, it has been a major international trading seaport, linking Morocco and its Saharan hinterland with Europe and the rest of the world.
Medina of Fez  
Founded in the 9th century and home to the oldest university in the world, Fez reached its height in the 13th–14th centuries under the Marinids, when it replaced Marrakesh as the capital of the kingdom. The urban fabric and the principal monuments in the medina – "madrasas, fondouks", palaces, residences, mosques and fountains - date from this period. Although the political capital of Morocco was transferred to Rabat in 1912, Fez has retained its status as the country's cultural and spiritual centre.
Medina of Marrakesh  
Founded in 1070–72 by the Almoravids, Marrakesh remained a political, economic and cultural centre for a long period. Its influence was felt throughout the western Muslim world, from North Africa to Andalusia. It has several impressive monuments dating from that period: the Koutoubiya Mosque, the Kasbah, the battlements, monumental doors, gardens, etc. Later architectural jewels include the Bandiâ Palace, the Ben Youssef "Madrasa", the Saadian Tombs, several great residences and Place Jamaâ El Fna, a veritable open-air theatre.
Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)  
Tétouan was of particular importance in the Islamic period, from the 8th century onwards, since it served as the main point of contact between Morocco and Andalusia. After the Reconquest, the town was rebuilt by Andalusian refugees who had been expelled by the Spanish. This is well illustrated by its art and architecture, which reveal clear Andalusian influence. Although one of the smallest of the Moroccan medinas, Tétouan is unquestionably the most complete and it has been largely untouched by subsequent outside influences.
Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)  
The Portuguese fortification of Mazagan, now part of the city of El Jadida, 90-km southwest of Casablanca, was built as a fortified colony on the Atlantic coast in the early 16th century. It was taken over by the Moroccans in 1769. The fortification with its bastions and ramparts is an early example of Renaissance military design. The surviving Portuguese buildings include the cistern and the Church of the Assumption, built in the Manueline style of late Gothic architecture. The Portuguese City of Mazagan - one of the early settlements of the Portuguese explorers in West Africa on the route to India - is an outstanding example of the interchange of influences between European and Moroccan cultures, well reflected in architecture, technology, and town planning.
Stanowisko archeologiczne Volubilis  
Mauretańska stolica, założona w 3. wieku p.n.e., stała się ważną placówką cesarstwa rzymskiego, ozdobioną wieloma świetnymi budowlami. Rozległe jej fragmenty zachowały sie w tym stanowisku archeologicznym, umiejscowionym w żyznym rejonie rolniczym. Volubilis na krótko stał się stolicą Idrisa I, założyciela dynastii Idrisid, pochowanego obok w Moulay Idris.
Źródło: whc.unesco.org
» Historic City of Meknes (en)
» Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou (en)
» Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) (en)
» Medina of Fez (en)
» Medina of Marrakesh (en)
» Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin) (en)
» Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) (en)
» Stanowisko archeologiczne Volubilis (en)